Here’s a look at what happened on this day, 12 December, throughout history. We remember the news, events, and people that influenced the course of history forever.
ON THIS DAY: 12 DECEMBER
1962 | Poqo members were detained by the police when they were on their way to kill Chief Kaiser Matanzima. Seven members died and three police officers were seriously injured.
1963 | Kenya officially gains Independence from Britain. Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first Prime Minister.
1984 | United Democratic Front (UDF) leaders, Archibald Gumede, Paul David and Billy Nair are charged with treason for organising a protest against August 1984 elections for the new Indian and Coloured chambers of Parliament.
1986 | Zwelakhe Sisulu, South African journalist was arrested for his journalism and held up at John Vorster Square.
1991 | Abuja becomes the capital city of Nigeria, replacing the most populated city Lagos.
1913 | Emperor of Ethiopia, Menelik II (69)
1947 | Egyptian feminist leader, Huda Sha’arawi (68)
2004 | South African boxer, George Hunter (77)
1917 | South African political activist, Benjamin Magson Kies
1969 | Kenyan middle-distance runner, Wilfred Kirochi
1971 | Kenyan long-distance runner, Sammy Korir
1980 | Ethiopian runner, Dejene Berhanu
1986 | Rwandan football player, Daddy Birori
1990 | Kenyan middle-distance runner, Nixon Chepseba
2002 | Cristiano Ronaldo received the Ballon d’Or and for the second time as the best footballer in Europe.
2009 | South Africa Sevens leg, played in George, New Zealand won the Cup final 21-12 against Fiji.
2010 | 5th ODI in Chittagong, Bangladesh beat Zimbabwe by six wickets.
2016 | Cristiano Ronaldo received the Ballon d’Or for the 4th time.
2001 | American actress Winona Ryder is arrested for shoplifting.
The shortest people in the world, called the pygmies, live in Africa. The average man is 1.45m (4-foot-7) and the average woman is 1.33m (4-foot-4).